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How should I format my figures and tables?

The maximum number of figures and tables for each article type available at Frontiers is shown in the article type's description, which can be found either in the submission form or on the journal's ‘about’ page. If you exceed the combined number of figures and tables allowed you will be required to reduce this during production, which will result in delays to the typesetting and publication of your article.

Frontiers requires figures to be submitted individually, in the same order as they are referred to in the manuscript. The figures will then be automatically embedded at the end of the submitted manuscript. Please ensure that each table and figure is cited in the text (for example, (Figure 1) or “Insert Figure 1 here”) and in sequential order.

For graphs, there must be a self-explanatory label (including units) along each axis.

For figures with more than one panel, panels should be clearly indicated using labels (A), (B), (C), (D), etc. Please do not embed the panel labels over any part of the image; instead, place them next to the figure.

Figure and table legends are required to have the same font as the main text (12 pt normal Times New Roman, single spaced).

Tables must be provided in an editable format such as .docx or .xlsx for typesetting purposes.

Table and figure legends should be preceded by the appropriate label, for example "Figure 1" or "Table 4". Figure legends should be placed at the end of the manuscript. Table legends must be placed immediately before the table. Please use only a single paragraph for the legend. Figure panels are referred to by bold capital letters in brackets: (A), (B), (C), (D), etc. Supplementary images and their captions must be uploaded as a separate file.

Please note that figures that do not follow Frontiers’ guidelines will cause substantial delay during the production process. The typesetters will not make any alterations to figures, even if requested. All updates are the responsibility of the author.

More information about Figures and Tables can be found in our Author Guidelines, but please pay close attention to the following requirements:

  • Each figure must be supplied in a resolution of at least 300 DPI.
  • Individual figures should not be longer than one page and should have a width that corresponds to 1 column (85 mm) or 2 columns (180 mm).
  • Figures should be supplied in any of the following formats: TIF/TIFF (.tif/.tiff), JPEG (.jpg), and EPS (.eps; upon acceptance only).