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How should I format references?

The following formatting styles are meant as a guide, as long as the full citation is complete and clear, Frontiers referencing style will be applied during typesetting and is dependent on the journal.

SCIENCE, ENGINEERING, and HUMANITIES: For articles submitted in the domains of SCIENCE, ENGINEERING and HUMANITIES please apply Author-Year system for in-text citations.

In general, please ensure to provide as many details as possible for the reference list items in your article. Provide the names of the first six authors followed by et al. and doi when available.

For reference
formatting styles details and more information on citations please see the Author Guidelines.